i’m gone

He right tho

Manisha Sinha, “The untold history beneath ‘12 Years’: NYC’s sordid history”

     If you’ve seen the movie, you might have thought that (Solomon) Northup’s experience of kidnapping and enslavement as a free black man in the north was a historical outlier. But it was far from unique.     New York City itself was a center of the shanghaiing of free blacks into slavery. A notorious gang known as the “black-birders,” in which some city policemen actively participated, at times with the connivance of local judicial authorities, regularly waylaid black men, women and children and sold them off to slavery in the antebellum period. Unlike Northup, some of them had no legal recourse, as they had been judicially remanded into slavery as suspected fugitive slaves.     Slavery — from the slaveholders, who lived off the unpaid labor of their slaves, down to criminals and slave-catchers rewarded handsomely for their efforts — was a very profitable business.     Indeed, the line between the recapture of fugitive slaves and the kidnapping of free blacks was often blurred. The first federal Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 made it so easy for any black person suspected of being a runaway to be remanded to slavery that it facilitated the kidnapping of northern free blacks. At a time when around 90% of the African-American population was enslaved legally in the United States, most black people were suspect.     Fugitive slaves resided in northern black communities, intermarrying with free blacks and making the lines between slavery and freedom for many African Americans even thinner.     Northern states would eventually react with personal liberty laws to guarantee procedural fairness to their black citizens in state courts and to punish the kidnapping of free African Americans into slavery. But these laws were overthrown by the draconian Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, demanded by southern slaveholders as their price for maintaining the union between the states.     That law encouraged a new spate of fugitive slave renditions and kidnappings, scaring thousands of African Americans into exile in Canada. Indeed, for much of the period before the Civil War, Canadian black settlements were a safe haven for runaway slaves as well as northern free blacks fleeing legal and popular persecution.

 Read more: (via profkew)

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Rogue and Storm at the beach by Ron Ackins





I really want to read my book but I also want to watch 87 hours of Netflix and travel the world and and kiss someone I like and sleep for most of the day… And also I have a lot of homework

this is literally my life

how can this be so accurate